We have a car culture that we are proud of in the United States, but surprisingly, not many people know the country's car history. For this history lesson, we are concerned with the "industrial" of the car, not the history of the car itself.
When does it begin
In the 1890s, the US auto industry began, due to the use of mass production and the large scale of the domestic market, rapidly developed into the world's largest auto industry [although this title will come from Japan in the United States in the 1980s, then By China in 2008 from Japan].
The US auto industry actually started with hundreds of manufacturers, but by the end of the 1920s, the three companies were separated from other companies:
- General Motors
Even after the Great Depression and the Second World War, the three companies continued to prosper. Henry Ford began manufacturing cars in 1896 and began producing Ford Motor Company in 1903. In 1913, Ford adopted the first conveyor-based assembly line to improve the mass production of its T-car. The assembly line drastically reduced costs and sold the T-type, which pushed Ford to become the largest auto company in the US
General Motors was founded in 1908 by William Durant [formerly a transportation manufacturer]. In the early years, GM acquired Buick, Ozmod, Oakland [later became Pontiac], Cadillac and other car companies. Durant also wants to buy Ford, but Henry Ford chose to keep his company independent. Durant over-expanded the company and was persecuted by a group of banks that controlled the company's controlling stake. Durant then worked with Louis Chevrolet and founded Chevrolet in 1913 with rapid success. After getting enough stock, Durant regained most of GM's control, and GM acquired Chevrolet in 1917. But this did not last long. Durant was forced to withdraw again in 1921. In the late 1920s, General Motors replaced Ford as the largest automaker.
Former President Buick and former General Manager Walter Chrysler took control of Maxwell Motors in 1920 and remodeled it and reorganized it into Chrysler in 1925. Chrysler acquired Dodge Brothers in 1927 and launched De Soto in 1928. Thanks to Dodge's acquired dealer network and manufacturing facilities, as well as the Plymouth brand. By the 1930s, Chrysler surpassed Ford and became the second largest automaker.
1950s and beyond
By 1950, the United States produced nearly 75% of the world's cars. However, in the early 1970s, American auto companies [especially the Big Three] were severely affected by increased competition from foreign automakers and high oil prices. In the years that followed, the company occasionally rebounded, but the crisis peaked in 2008, prompting Chrysler and General Motors to file for bankruptcy restructuring and receive federal bail-outs. Although Ford was also affected by the crisis, it decided its own motivation and did not cancel the bail. For this reason, we actually respect Ford very much. They did not take a simple approach.
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