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Barriers to effective communication

D.E. McFarlane defines communication as a meaningful interaction between people. More specifically, it is the process of perceiving meaning and understanding between humans. However, there may be some faults/barriers in the communication system that prevent messages from reaching the receiver. These obstacles are as follows:

1. Language barriers; – Different languages, vocabulary, accents, and dialects represent obstacles in the country. Semantic gaps are words that have similar pronunciation but have multiple meanings, such as circles; information that expresses errors, misinterpretations, and assumptions of failure. Using difficult or inappropriate words/incorrectly misunderstood or misunderstood information can lead to confusion.

2. Cultural barriers: – age, education, gender, social status, economic status, cultural background, temperament, health, beauty, popularity, religion, political beliefs, morality, values, motivation, assumptions, wishes, rules/regulations, standards, Priority can separate one person from another and create an obstacle.

3. Personal Disorders: – This may be the result of personal perception and personal discomfort. Even when two people have experienced the same event, their psychological perception may/may be different and act as an obstacle. Style, selective perception, halo effect, poor attention and retention, defensive, narrow-minded, inadequate filtering is a personal or psychological barrier.

4. Organizational barriers: – Includes poor culture, climate, strict rules, regulations, status, relationships, complexity, inadequate facilities/growth and opportunities for improvement; however, the nature of internal and external environments, such as large-scale work The area is physically separated from other areas, lack of lightning, shortage of personnel, obsolete equipment and background noise are physical organizational obstacles.

5. Interpersonal barriers: – Employer's barriers are: – Lack of trust in employees; Lack of understanding of non-verbal cues such as facial expressions, body language, gestures, gestures, eye contact; different experiences; insufficient staff time; Demand; want to gain authority; fear of losing control; bypass and information overload, and employee barriers include lack of motivation, lack of cooperation, trust, fear of punishment, and poor relationship with employers.

6. Attitudes: – This is due to problems with employees in the organization. Physical and mental intelligence, intelligence, understanding, pre-conceived concepts, and limitations of sources of distrust distract attention and create mechanical barriers that affect attitudes and opinions.

7. Channel barriers: – If the communication duration is long, or the selected media is inappropriate, communication may be interrupted; it may also be the result of interpersonal conflicts between the sender and the receiver; lack of communication interest; information sharing or access issues May interfere with channels and affect clarity, accuracy and effectiveness.

In order to communicate effectively, these obstacles need to be overcome. Breaking the barrier is a wide-ranging activity and there are some measures here.

To break the barrier:

– Allow employees to access resources, express themselves and be creative.

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– Express your expectations to others.

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– Use less absolute words such as "never", "forever", "forever", etc.

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– Be a kind, careful and active listener.

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– Filter the information correctly before passing it to others.

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– Try to establish a communication channel and eliminate middlemen.

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– Use specific and accurate words that the audience can easily understand.

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– Try to observe the situation through the eyes of the speaker.

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– The attitude of "you" must be used on all occasions.

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– Keep eye contact with the speaker and make him feel comfortable.

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– If the information is very detailed or complicated, please write down the instructions.

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– Verbal communication must be clear and the focus is not strong.

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– Avoid misrepresenting word and semantic noise.

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– Request clarification and repeat if necessary.

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– Make the organizational structure more flexible, dynamic and transparent.

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– Develop relationships and promote coordination between superiors and lowers.

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– Focus on purposeful and focused communication.

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– The communication information should be clear and practical.

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– Get the right feedback.

Do not destroy the obstacles:

– Becoming a selective listener, this is what one hears when one hears another but chooses not to choose or want to hear other messages.

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– Become a "repairer", the repairer is the person who tries to find the wrong person.

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– Be a dreamer.

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– Communicate using long chain commands.

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– Use too many technical terms.

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– Jump immediately to the conclusion.

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– Disrupt the speaker and distract him by asking too many insignificant questions.

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