Also known as the scope of control, it is a very important concept of organizational management functions. It reflects the number of subordinates that can be effectively processed by superiors in the organization. It represents the way the relationship is planned between the superior and the subordinate in the organization.
The scope of management is usually divided into two heads – narrow span and wide span. The narrow scope of management means that there are few subordinates in a single manager or supervisor abroad. This led to a high-level organizational structure. However, extensive management means that a single manager or supervisor oversees a large number of subordinates. This leads to a flat organization. There is an inverse relationship between the scope of management and the number of levels in the organization, that is, narrowing the scope of management and increasing the number of levels in the organization.
Compared to a wide range of management, a narrow management scope is more costly because there are more superiors/managers and then there are greater communication issues between management levels. The lower the geographical dispersion of subordinates, the wider the scope of management, the better, because managers can keep in touch with their subordinates and explain to them how to perform their tasks effectively. In the case of a narrow management, subordinates have relatively more growth opportunities because of the greater number of levels.
The more efficient and efficient an organization is in performing tasks, the better it will be to manage this organization extensively. The lower the ability, motivation and confidence of the employees, the smaller the scope of management, the managers can spend time supervising them and supervising them. The more standardized the nature of the task, ie if the same task can be used to perform the same task, then since a single superior can oversee more subordinates, the broader management scope is better. Greater flexibility, rapid decision making, effective communication between top and bottom management, and improved customer interaction in the context of broad management. Technological advances such as mobile phones and mail have enabled superiors to expand their management because of more effective communication.
According to the modern author's best/ideal control range is 15 to 20 subordinates per manager, and according to the traditional author, the ideal number is 6 subordinates per manager. But in reality, the ideal scope of control depends on the nature of the organization, the skills and abilities of the manager, the skills and abilities of the employee, the nature of the work, and the degree of interaction required between the superior and the subordinate.Ultimate Cleaning Business Package, Click here!