What caused the foundation to fail? What makes the foundation weaker and leads to walls and floors, doors and windows that cannot be opened, stairs that leave the front porch and cracks in the chimney that separates from the house?
There are six main reasons for the failure of the foundation, and poor construction is only one of them. The four main causes of foundation failure are related to soil.
The following are the six main reasons for the failure of the foundation.
Soil type, especially swelling clay
2. The filling material is not too compact
3. Slope failure, a lot of waste
5. Poor construction,
Let us explain each of these six reasons.
Soil type – expensive clay
The most common type of swelling clay can absorb so much water and can expand by a few hundred percent. From this level of water stress you can easily live in most homes. There is also an electromagnetic component that further contributes to swelling. The technical terminology when this expansion pushes the foundation up is "undulation."
The soil not only expands with moisture, but also shrinks as it dries, causing up and down motion, ie differential settling. Foundation support is critical to maintaining structural integrity.
2. Defective packing material
If the fill material on the batch is not fully calculated to support the weight of the structure above it, there is a fundamental problem. The problem may be from the mixing of odd filler materials, as well as poorly packed fills, or a combination of the two. So if you choose a lot of things to build and see it before you build it, make sure that the fill material and the level of compactness give you important information to give you peace of mind.
3. Slope failure / a lot of waste
Geologists use the term "mass waste" to describe the movement of the earth's downhill slopes. It may be "peristaltic", which is slow, or "mountain landslide" is sudden. The slope failure when we use it refers to "creep."
While the foundation can serve as a barrier to “creep”, the role of gravity is that no foundation is specifically designed to prevent slope failure, and the guarantee does not usually cover the basis of the site exposed to slope failure.
Erosion can be the most direct cause of the problem. It may come from poor drainage, uncontrolled water flow or insufficient ground coverage. If not identified early, erosion can wear the soil around the foundation, creating new demands on the foundation.
5. Poor construction
Most towns now have building codes that require soil testing and engineer certification before and during the construction process, so fewer causes of poor construction result in failure of the foundation.
We all know what sweating is, but transpiration is a less common word. This term describes the removal of water from plants by plants. In the hot summer months, the withdrawal of water from the soil by trees in summer accelerates soil shrinkage. The expansion, contraction or contraction of the soil can upset the foundation.
What does this mean for existing homeowners?
It helps to understand the cause of the underlying failure because it makes sense.
Knowing the cause of the underlying failure can help you identify the root cause of a potential problem. Find out what kind of soil you have. If you are on the mountain, learn more about the stability of the hills. If you notice soil erosion around the house, it is not too late to call a gardener or soil engineer. What can you do? If there are trees near your house, you can take steps to make sure they get enough water. If you don't have trees yet, you can consult a gardener or conduct research to grow them away from the house and choose a tree that has the least damage to the roots.
What does this mean for people planning to build new homes?
Those who buy household goods before construction can benefit the most from the reasons for these basic failures. You can do a lot of things:
Study soil types.
Observe and ask about the builder of the filler material.
Try to avoid buying a lot of things on the slopes, which is easier in some cities than in other cities.
Erosion control through proper planting plans.
Find out if building codes in your town ensure soil testing and engineer certification. If they don't, you will want to get expert advice.
Ask the gardener about information about many existing trees and future plantings.