The culture and art of Swaziland and the Barumba community

2019-04-09 Arts No comment

Swaziland lives in Swaziland in southeastern South Africa. They are talking about Bantu language that is closely related to Zulu. Swaziland is part of the people of San, who depend on agricultural products such as millet and other grains for their livelihoods. Their main occupation is agriculture, and most of the people engaged in animal husbandry are the return of cattle. For this reason, they also produce milk from dairy cows. Their farmland is ruled by the chiefs and his experienced elders cabinet. Women are greatly respected in the community. The Swazis believed in their ancestors. The ancestors are very respected and very honored.

People practice sculpture and painting. They carved women's milk jugs and murals. Milk cans are used to store milk. They are also used in rituals related to milking and milk testing before being used or sold. The milk produced was first tested by the chiefs and other authorized personnel during the ceremony. It is believed that when milk passes the test of the chief, he will give blessings and help avoid any mental attacks.

Women's murals are used to express their national identity as a nation and to decorate their homes and shrines. A typical example is the Ndebele painting. They also produced sculptural figures to represent their ancestors, which were used for ancestral ceremonies and rituals.

On the other hand, Baruba lives in the eastern and southern parts of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. They are farmers who implement the matrilineal genetic system. Women play an important role in decision-making and politics. They are known for their practice in a variety of arts. Art is highly regarded, artists are highly respected and gain political positions in society. They believe in the ancients and the little gods.

Balubas practice various forms of art such as sculpture, pottery and weaving. Due to their immunity to women, they carved many ancestral images of women. They used cotton to weave various fabrics and made several pots, bowls, etc. The ancestral characters used to worship the ancestor worship of female sculptures, aiming to highlight the important role of women in social, religious, economic, cultural and political life. The basins and bowls of the people are used for storage and housework. These female characters act as fertility charms, and women are responsible for countless children. This is a social obligation.

Their female sculpture forms have these characteristics. The posture includes a standing and kneeling position supported by a small stool. The head is exaggerated and covered with a delicate hairstyle. The forehead is prominent and the nose is elongated. The breast is conical, relatively small, pointing downwards. These numbers have bowls that indicate that women should work hard. The form shows a lot of rounded and curved symbols of feminine tenderness. The knees of the kneeling position are stretched and folded back to form a long, stable base for the large bowl between the knees, and the slender torso and abdomen symbolize fertility. The figures on the abdomen and back are decorated with a variety of high reliefs. The graphic surface is smooth and highly polished.

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